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- Black pearl is a broad name that can be used for multiple types of black, dark colored, or dyed pearls.
- They mostly come from the black-lip oysters in Western to Central pacific Ocean, La Paz pearl oyster or rainbow-lipped oysters in the Eastern Pacific between Baja California and Peru.
- Black-lipped oyster emits a dark colored pigment during the nacre-building phase of a pearl’s formation, leading to its hue.
- Other than black, more common colors are silver, gray and charcoal.
- Black pearls are rarer than white pearls.
- Pearls, as well as nacre, are chemically made of calcium carbonate and conchiolin. They're mainly comprised of aragonite or a mixture of aragonite and calcite.
- Conchiolin is an organic protein that acts as a form of glue or adhesive.
- Pearls have a hardness of 2½ - 4½ and has an Orthorhombic crystal structure.
- When irritants get inside the mollusk, it will excrete layers of liquid (called nacre) to coat it. This is how pearls are formed.
- Pearls are birthstones for June.
- They are also the national gemstone of the Philippines.
- The name pearl comes from the Latin world perna meaning "leg". This is in reference to the ham-leg shape of the bivalve mollusk.
- Black pearls have some folklore behind them.
- According to Chinese lore, black pearls were formed within the brain of a dragon and carried between the teeth of the dragon once they grew to full-size.
- In Polynesian lore, the god Ono coming down from the heavens on a rainbow to gift his beloved princess the first black pearl.
- Pearls metaphysically represent purity, integrity, and loyalty. It gains one wisdom from experience and help cement engagements and love.
- For black pearls, they're symbols of wisdom, power, wealth, and prosperity. It can give wearers the strength to penetrate their own will, even when presented with opposition.
- They also act as protection and luck stones.